Wednesday, August 9, 2017

Picture Books About World War II: 10 for 10 August 2017

I enjoy reading historical fiction books, especially stories set in the World War II era.  So, for this "10 for 10" post I chose ten picture books about this time period.  Some of the books in the list are true stories, while others are historical fiction whose characters and plot are based on real people and events. The first book in the list, War Dogs: Churchill and Rufus by Kathryn Selbert, contains many quotes by the Prime Minister,  including  these words from a speech he gave in August of 1940:

 "The whole of the warring nations are engaged, not only soldiers, but the entire population, men, women, and children.  The fronts are everywhere. The trenches are dug in the towns and streets."

These books tell the stories of those men, women, and children, and their courage, resilience, sacrifice, ingenuity, and compassion.

#1 War Dogs: Churchill and Rufus by Kathryn Selbert

#2 The Yellow Star: The Legend of King Christian X of Denmark by Carmen Agra Deedy
This is a great companion to a novel study or book club reading of Number the Stars by Lois Lowry.

#3 The Cats in Krasinski Square by Karen Hesse

#4 Rose Blanche by Christoph Gallaz

#5 The Greatest Skating Race by Louise Borden

#6 The Little Ships: The Heroic Rescue at Dunkirk in World War II
by Louise Borden

#7 Rebekkah's Journey : A World War II Refugee Story by Ann E. Burg

#8 Lily's Victory Garden by Helen L. Wilbur

#9 Always Remember Me: How One Family Survived World War II
by Marisabina Russo

#10 The Butterfly by Patricia Polacco

In addition to being excellent texts to use in an historical fiction genre study, these books would be wonderful as an introduction or supplement to the study of World War II, even at the middle school and high school level.  Most of these books have either a forward or author's note that gives more background information about the historic events, and often includes little known and intriguing details.

These stories have touched my heart and I hope you will be inspired by them also.

Wednesday, September 7, 2016

International Literacy Day 2016:Focus on Jamaica

September 8, 2016 is International Literacy Day, sponsored by the International Literacy Association.  The ILA celebrates the power of literacy, and this day focuses on global literacy needs.  The beautiful island country of Jamaica is the featured country this year.  I have selected a two picture books that teachers and parents can share with children as they take a trip through a book to this land of sun, sand, and smiles.
  J Is for Jamaica (World Alphabets) by Benjamin Zephaniah is an alphabet book that illustrates the sights, sounds, and culture of Jamaica.  There is a four-line poem for each letter of the alphabet featuring a full color photograph.  This will provide an overview Jamaica, and may spark interest in a more specific aspect of the country that a child may wish to research.

Jamaica by Ann Heinrichs is part of the A True Book series.  This book will give readers a look at everyday life in Jamaica, beyond the beaches and resorts.

To obtain a resource packet for International Literacy Day, 
you can click here for the International Literacy Association's website.

I hope you enjoy celebrating International Literacy Day as we promote ILA's mission:"Literacy for everyone, everywhere"!

Wednesday, August 10, 2016

Picture Book 10 for 10

Today is Picture Book 10 for 10 Day!
Thank you to Mandy Robek and Cathy Mere for developing this  wonderful way to share our favorite picture books!
On the Two Writing Teachers blog, Stacey Shubitz wrote about 10 newly published or soon to be published realistic fiction books, "that will help kids see their own lives reflected in a book. By choosing to share one or more of these books in your classroom, you will provide your students with an opportunity to know they aren’t alone AND that they can write a personal narrative on a similar topic."

I am looking forward to reading and sharing these new titles.  Her post made me think about my favorite realistic fiction books. I have used the following books many times over the years as mentor texts when working with young writers of personal narrative and realistic fiction.  

Ten Picture Books For Narrative Writing

I love how Patricia Polacco "zooms in", slowing the action down in places to capture the reader's attention.

#1. Mrs. Mack by Patricia Polacco

#2. My Rotten Redheaded Older Brother by Patricia Polacco

#3. Thundercake by Patricia Polacco

The following books can help a writer reflect on the people and places dear to us.

#4. The Sunsets of Miss Olivia Wiggins by Lester L. Laminack

#5. All the Places to Love by Patricia MacLachlan

#6. My Great Aunt Arizona by Gloria Houston

#7.  Aunt Flossie's Hats (and Crab Cakes Later) by Elizabeth Fizgerald Howard

#8. One Green Apple by Eve Bunting

#9. Miss Rumphius by Barbara Cooney

#10.  Roxaboxen by Alice McLerran

In future blog posts I will share the particular craft moves that writers can learn form these authors.  Mini-lesson suggestions to follow!

Monday, July 4, 2016

Independence Day and Revolutionary War Books

Happy 4th of July!  Independence Day brings to mind one of my favorite Social Studies units.  As a fourth grade teacher, I loved teaching about the Revolutionary War.  From biographies of famous Americans to historical fiction, there are many choices for students to learn about this exciting time period from literature.

Jean Fritz has written several biographies about the founding fathers. She includes fascinating details about the individual and the time period. Her books are humorous as well as informative.  If you are looking for strong examples of  the trait of voice in a biography, look no further! Some of her books include And Then What Happened, Paul Revere?, Why Don't You Get A Horse Sam Adams?, and What's the Big Idea, Ben Franklin?

She also has some biographies written for novice readers, including George Washington's Mother.

The unlikely spies of the revolutionary war capture the attention and imagination of students.  Some of my students' favorite historical fiction books about these brave individuals include Phoebe the Spy by Judith Griffin and Margot Tomes, 
Toliver's Secret by Esther Wood Brady, and 

Buttons for General Washington by Peter Roop and Connie Roop.

When reading historical fiction, I have students designate a few pages in their reader's notebooks where they jot notes on interesting facts about life in that time period and the historic events that they learn throughout the story.  This helps them better understand the genre of historical fiction, and also supports the Social Studies curriculum.

Happy Reading to you and Happy Birthday, America!

Monday, June 13, 2016

Summer Writer's Notebook Inspired by Mr. Cornell's Dream Boxes

One of the educational blogs that I follow is Two Writing Teachers.  There are always great tips and encouragement for writing teachers.  In the past few weeks, several of their posts focused on ways to keep students writing over the summer break. This is where I was introduced to the wonderful picture book Mr. Cornell's Dream Boxes by Jeanette Winter.

The author tells the true story of Joseph Cornell who built imaginary worlds inside wooden boxes. Museums and collectors bought his work, but his favorite audience was children, and he held special exhibitions of his dream boxes for children. Joseph Cornell also was a writer. Ms. Winter writes, “He wrote about his dreams, and his thoughts, and his ideas. His journals filled over 30, 000 pages.” This beautifully illustrated book is sure to inspire students to keep writing, and I was inspired by this text to develop a summer writer's notebook for students.

I like to give my students a new notebook and fun gel pen as an end of the year gift, hoping this will motivate them to keep writing over the break. I think that I could take this one step further next time by setting aside an hour or so on one of the last days of school for students to decorate a new writer's notebook to be used over the summer, just like we do at the beginning of the year. I would invite students to bring in craft supplies, stickers, photos, etc. to personalize their notebooks.

Next, the students can glue the prompts I have created, which are based on ways that Mr. Cornell got ideas for his writing and his dream boxes, into the left hand side of their notebook. I have developed it to be like an interactive notebook; the prompt/graphic/flap is glued onto the left hand side page and the right hand side is blank to be used as the space for students to write more about a particular idea, or to write the story of a memory inspired by the prompt. Of course, students may enjoy adding color to the black and white outlines with their colored pencils, crayons, or markers. I think this activity would be a great way to spend some time during the last few days of the school year!

The summer writer's notebook I have developed is available on my Teachers Pay teachers store: Heidi Clarke. I have designed this product to be used with or without having read aloud the book Mr. Cornell’s Dream Boxes to your students. You can still use this product even if you do not have a copy of the book! However, this beautifully illustrated book is sure to be inspire them to begin writing!

I hope your students are inspired to continue living like writers over the summer! Please leave a comment to share what you do to motivate your students to continue writing over the summer vacation!

Wednesday, May 11, 2016

Adding Voice to Research Reports: Are You a Snail?

Are your students' research reports weak in the trait of voice? Sure, they are restating the facts they have learned in their own words, and combining information gathered from several sources, as you have guided them to do.  However, do the final drafts often can lack that quality of writing that keeps the reader (usually the teacher and other students!) truly engaged? Even when children are excited about the topic they are researching, their enthusiasm doesn't always come through in their writing.  How, then, can teachers help students breathe life, and VOICE, into their research writing?  

The trait of Voice is that quality of writing that makes the text interesting and grabs the reader's attention.  When writing is strong in the trait of Voice the reader makes a connection to the text, and wants to keep reading. Voice is a"deep text trait", meaning  that it usually takes a major revision to turn a "voiceless" piece of writing into one that the reader doesn't want to put down. One craft move that students can use to improve the voice in their pieces as they revise or draft is writing from a different point of view. 
  An engaging piece of writing pulls the reader into the piece and helps the reader make a connection.  Judy Allen does this in her series of Backyard Books.  The titles in this series include Are You a Snail?, Are you a Bee?, Are you a Butterfly?, Are you a Dragonfly?, Are you a Grasshopper?, Are you a Ladybug?, and Are you a Spider?

She writes in what might be considered the second person.  As the title suggests, she asks the reader, "Are you a snail? If you are, your life began in an egg like one of these." Allen continues to provide factual information in this style.  For example, rather than writing that one of a snail's predators is a fox, she writes, "Watch out for foxes.  Foxes are dangerous. Hungry foxes eat snails, and they don't mind the slime either."  The narrator is talking directly to the reader, asking questions and explaining what one's life would be like as a snail. 

After sharing this mentor text, have students write a draft in this format, telling their audience what life would be like if they were indeed that creature.  For a Social Studies report, they might write what to expect if you were a child living in colonial times.  A great mentor text for this might be a title from the If you Lived... series.

Students could also try to turn the facts they have collected into a first person account. The teacher could model this by turning research notes into a narrative that might sound like this, "I am a snail. When I go out at night, I always watch out for those hungry foxes..."

This craft move could be used when researching a famous person. For example, a report on the life of Susan B. Anthony written in the first person might include, "I knew I had to do more than talk about women's right to vote.  I had to do something! That is why my sisters and several of our friends dared to vote in the presidential election that year, even though it was illegal to do so."

The answer to how to help students add voice to their research writing may be found in trying a new point of view.  This craft move is sure to breathe life, and voice, into the standard research report!

Thursday, April 28, 2016

Writer's Notebook and Science: Hertha Ayerton Inspires Young Innventors

Today's Google Doodle featured Hertha Ayrton, a British inventor, mathematician, and engineer. She was recognized for her work on electric arcs and ripples in sand and water, and awarded the Hughes Medal by the Royal Society. She is indeed a role model that can inspire students, both girls and boys, and increase their interest in math and science.

If you are looking for literature to incorporate into your STEM curriculum to inspire young inventors, the book Girls Think of Everything: Stories of Ingenious Inventions by Women by Catherine Thimmesh is a great resource.  It is a collection of brief biographies of women and girls whose creative ideas changed the world.  The last few entries feature young inventors, including  ten year old Becky Schroder who was the youngest female to receive a U.S. patent when she invented Glo-sheet, paper that allows you to write in the dark.  (Perhaps that will inspire writers as well as inventors!)  The book also includes a list of organizations' postal and internet addresses that can help your students get started on the path to developing their own innovative ideas.

Once the ideas start flowing, encourage students to  record them in their writer's notebook.  If they are having difficulty thinking of of new ideas, have them read through their notebook and look for entries about things that "bug" them, or about situations that did not turn out the way they had hoped.  Perhaps this will inspire them to rework an existing product or  develop the idea for something that could improve the situation or eliminate frustration from those things that annoy them.